The Dutch Resuscitation Council recommends lay rescuers not to start CPR if a ‘Do not resuscitate’ (DNR) declaration is available with the victim and the rescuer is sure it belongs to the victim. Stop performing CPR might be of great psychological benefit and therefore the lay rescuer is not responsible if he decides to continue. CPR is an automated skill in a well-trained provider. Therefore it might be that a lay rescuer provides CPR without noticing any specific information.

Material & method
This study was undertaken to compare the recognition of a DNR medal by (trained) lay rescuers to EMS providers. Forty lay rescuers and 39 EMS providers were included.